BHRC publishes a book, “Balochistan of Pakistan: A brief on the miseries and sufferings of a people”


The colonial powers in order to safeguard their interests in regions where they had ruled, divided nations, and created artificial states. As a consequence of this policy, several regions of Asia and Africa became zones of never-ending conflicts and turmoil. The Baloch are among the largest national entities (only second to Kurds) in the world without a state of their own and one of the few nations in the contemporary world who still face the curse of colonialism.

From 1666, Balochistan was ruled by a loose confederacy of Baloch tribes under the Khanate of Kalat. In 1839, it was occupied by the British and finally divided and incorporated into many countries of the region. Major parts of Balochistan are presently controlled by Iran and Pakistan.

This writeup is about that part of Balochistan which is controlled by Pakistan since 1948. Since their incorporation into Pakistan, the Baloch have been the victim of dominating policies and strategies. They have faced the repression and subjugation of the religious and fanatical state for a long time and lives of millions of Baloch are characterized by oppression and exploitation in numerous ways. The cream of their society and a large part of the population have faced physical elimination. The violence by the security forces has manifested by the gross human rights violations and massive dislocation of the Baloch population with tremendous human suffering. Many actions of the state come within the definition of war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity.

“This book is a brief account of how various socio-cultural, political and militant strategies employed by Pakistan caused many sufferings for the Baloch.”

For full contents of the book, please download from the link below :

BHRC intervened to highlight the plight of the Baloch people during the 42nd session of UNHRC.

Geneva: 2019-09-23

The Information Secretary of Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) Qambar Malik Baloch in his intervention speeches on Item 3 and Item 4 during the 42nd UNHRC session drew the attention of the council to the on-going dimensional human rights violation in Balochistan being perpetrated by Pakistan and Iran. He pointed out that the Baloch are being victimized because they are struggling for the ownership of their land and resources, and a life free of all sorts of oppression where they can live in accordance with their cherished socio-cultural values.

Highlighting the systematic use of violence and assimilation strategy as a policy by the ruling regimes of Iran and Pakistan to counter the Baloch struggle for national right to self-determination, BHRC representative revealed that the Baloch are not only faced with physical elimination but also intrusions are made in their socio-cultural and political way of life in a systematic and organized way. 

Qambar Baloch told the assembly that the state of Pakistan has resorted to making way for radical Islam in Balochistan, and thousands of Madrassas (religious schools) are major sources of recruits for internationally designated terror groups like Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba, and the ISIS.  He highlighted the phenomenon of enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings of the Baloch socio-political activists and leaders by the security agencies of Pakistan.

He said that the Baloch in Iran are suffering as they have been denied their socio-cultural, religious and political freedoms by the regime of Ayatollahs. They are facing extreme physical torture, summary executions, public hanging, and other inhumane and barbaric acts. BHRC representative said that the irony is that the authorities in both Pakistan and Iran claim these acts of terror against the Baloch are culturally and religiously justified.

Criticizing the so-called developmental projects, Qambar Malik asserted that China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and other such projects including Saindak and RekoDeq have benefitted the Chinese and the ruling nationality in Pakistan leaving the Baloch economically devastated. 

BHRC representative requested the council’s immediate and meaningful intervention to prevent Pakistan and Iran from continuing the policies which tantamount to genocide of a whole people. He demanded that human rights violations of Baloch must stop and the religious state of Iran and Pakistan must be held accountable.

BHRC convened a conference entitled, “State sponsored Religious Terrorism in Balochistan: Regional & International Repercussions”

Geneva, Switzerland – 11/09/2019: BHRC has successfully convened a conference on its second consecutive day of a week-long awareness campaign in Geneva. The conference on Pakistani state engineered ‘Islamization of Balochistan’ was attended by a number of esteemed speakers who brought forth an informed opinion on the phenomenon of Islamization that threatens to gradually erode the foundations of a secular and tolerant Baloch society while giving way to Islamist militants to take roots in Balochistan. 

The chief guest of the seminar was Mr. Ryszard Czarnecki, a senior Polish politician and MEP who was also until recently the vice president of European Parliament. Mr Czarnecki admired the BHRC Tent for being symbolic and for being close to the UN and hoped that the UN will not be silent and deaf for the Human Rights violations being perpetrated by Pakistan in Balochistan. He asserted that Pakistan cannot be a friend of Europe without its commitment to human rights principles that Europe cherishes and until it stops harboring and funding the Islamist militants that are close to its heart, and are actively involved in murdering the religious and ethnic minorities in Balochistan. 

Dr. Lakhu Luhana of World Sindhi Congress, maintained that the security establishment of Pakistan has been defying international standards and the current global order for a long time now. The secular and nationalist entities in Pakistan who seek right to self-determination – as enshrined in the UN declaration of human rights – are targeted by the security forces of the state on daily basis, and their socio-cultural and political freedoms have been restricted. On the other hand, the state of Pakistan is acting as a safe haven for extremist groups like Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba, ISIS and other auxiliary militants of the state. 

Another speaker, Sultan Shahin , who is a Delhi based journalist, and a researcher on the role of Wahabi-Salafi ideaology leading to the radicalization of Muslims. Mr Shahin told the conference that the Muslim countries are in constant denial of Islamic ideologies’ contributions to religious terrorism. He pointed out that Pakistan has actively contributed in the expansion of religious terrorism in South Asian region.   

Peter Tatchell of Peter Tatchell Foundation conveyed a clear and bold message to the state authorities of Pakistan. You will not win because you have an unjust cause and unjust causes always end up in defeat. Said Peter referring to Pakistan. 

According to Peter Tatchell, following are the practical things that should be raised at the UN’s noble forum:

1.         There should be a halt to western arms sale to Pakistan which are being diverted from the intended fight against the Taliban and Al-qaeeda to repress the Baloch nation. These weapons include US supplied f16 fighter jets and Cobra attack helicopter. 

2.         The UN should appoint a special rapporteur on Balochistan to monitor and report to the general assembly and the human rights council on human rights abuses and ethnic discrimination in Balochistan

3.         We need a UN fact finding mission to go to Balochistan; to independently assess the deteriorating humanitarian situation. The independent UN monitors and observers to go there and see the facts and to come back and tell the UN the truth. 

4.         Pakistan must be pressed to lift entry restrictions and permit free access to Balochistan to aid agencies, to journalists and to human rights defenders.

5.         The military and intelligence chiefs in Pakistan be responsible for HR abuses by Pakistani state officials using Alien Tort Claims Act which has a remit even in foreign countries.

6.         Western aid to Pakistan should be made conditional on ending HR violations. Until Islamabad complies, all aid should be withdrawn from Pakistan government and switched to local or international aid agencies. 

7.         The international community need to consider a boycott, sanctions and dis-investment campaign targeting Pakistani government, military and intelligence officials who were implicated in HR crimes in Balochistan.

The Secretary General of Baloch Human Rights Council presided the session. He informed the audience that state has heavily invested in what it regards as its strategic assets while the general population of the province live a perilous life. He further stressed on the need of joint efforts by the civilized members of the international community to cut the weeds of terrorism sown by Pakistan that run the risk of causing regional instability and pose a threat to international peace if left unchecked. One only needs to remember the 2008 Mumbai Attacks to ascertain the seriousness of these threats, said Samad Baloch.

Members of European Parliament express concern on the humanitarian situation in Balochistan

Brussels: A delegation of Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) met members of the European Parliament including Fulvio Martusciello, Andrea Caropa, Giuseppe Milazzo and Massimiliano Salini in Brussels on 23rd July 2019.  The delegation briefed the MEPs about the ongoing widespread human rights violations in Balochistan perpetrated by the Pakistani security establishment.  

The delegation apprised the MEPs about the context of the continued human rights violation by the Pakistani state in Balochistan in which a countless number of innocent Baloch have suffered harassment, illegal detention, torture, and extrajudicial killings for decades. Hundreds of people including students, doctors, teachers, engineers, political activists, and intellectuals have been killed and their bodies were dumped in desolate places in Balochistan in the execution of their infamous “killed and dump” policy. Thousands have been picked up by the security forces, kept incommunicado for years and their fate is still unknown as they have been declared missing. This is in order to contain the Baloch demand of the right of self-determination as mentioned in the United Nations’ Charter. Some of the acts being practices by the security forces in Baloch come into the category of genocide and crimes against humanity.

The delegation mentioned the fact that even the Supreme Court orders mean nothing to the ruling military establishment in Pakistan and demanded that it is high time for the international community to intervene in order to pressurize Pakistan to stop its blatant violation of human rights in Balochistan. 

The MEPs condemned the actions of the Pakistani government and expressed their disappointment on the failure of the Pakistani state to fulfill its obligations regarding the various international covenant on fundamental human rights.  While sympathizing with the victims of security forces, the MEPs opined that in the facade of the fight against terrorism, the Pakistani state cannot absolve itself on the gross violation of human rights in Balochistan. 

B H R C Strongly Condemns The Cold Blooded Murder Of Baloch Political Activists

Press Release: April 09, 2009

Waja Ghulam Mohammad, Waja Sher Mohammad and Waja Lala Muneer have steadfastly been in the forefront of the political mobilisation for the genuine rights of the Baloch people. Last year, they have been arrested by the security agencies, tortured, kept in solitary confinement for long period before releasing them

Balochi Human Rights Council (BHRC) strongly condemns the cold blooded murders of Baloch political activists Waja Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, Waja Sher Mohammad Baloch and Waja Lala Muneer Baloch by the Pakistani Military Intelligence Agency. They were picked up by security personnel on 3rd April, 2009 from the office of their solicitor in Turbat Balochistan.

Waja Ghulam Mohammad, Waja Sher Mohammad and Lala Muneer have steadfastly been in the forefront of the political mobilisation for the genuine rights of the Baloch people. Last year, they have been arrested by the security agencies, tortured, kept in solitary confinement for long period before releasing them. It is being reported by reliable sources that after picking them up from the office of Mr. Kachkol Ali Advocate on 3rd of this month, the Baloch leaders were blind folded and taken to an unknown destination. It is believed that they were thrown from a military helicopter after being tortured to death in Peedark hills next day 20 miles away from Turbat.

Balochistan is under a brutal military operation for the last five years in which a large number of prominent social, intellectual and political figures have been targeted and eliminated by the state security agencies of Pakistan. The state establishment of Pakistan has always remained very keen to silence the voice of reason raised for the genuine rights of the Baloch people.

This disgusting act of the intelligence agencies of Pakistan reminds us of the inhuman acts of brutalities on the Bengali political leadership during the last days of East Pakistan. It also reminds us how immoral and shameless an enemy Baloch are facing.

This is high time for the international human rights organisations and the international community to take serious notice of the crimes against humanity being committed by the Pakistani state in Balochistan. We are writing memorandums at this respect to UN Secretary General, president of European Union and many other international humanitarian organisations.

Issued By:
Samad Baloch
General Secretary
Baloch Human Rights Council

Sindh: Activists Raise Concern over Human Rights Violations

Activists gathered at the WSC event “Rights, security and development in Sindh” in Washington, D.C., on 30 April 2019, to discuss the state-run human rights violations the region is facing. Speakers highlighted the persecution of Sindhi political activists in the hands of state and non-state actors in Pakistan. Baloch and Pashtun activists also joined the event to share their experiences in their respective regions. Speakers included a UNPO Representative, who spoke about the environmental impacts of CPEC in Sindhi and Gilgit-Baltistan.

Human Rights activists and politicians have shown concern over the growing state-run violations of human rights in Sindh and other provinces of Pakistan at a seminar here on Saturday.

The event titled ‘Rights, Security and Development in Sindh: Realities for Pakistan’s Southern Province’ was organised by the World Sindhi Congress.

A panel of speakers including Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney, Michael Kugelman, the Deputy Director of the Asia Program and Senior Associate for South Asia at the Wilson Centre and T Kumar, former International Advocacy Director Amnesty International USA, highlighted the persecution of Sindhi political activists in the hands of state and non-state actors in Pakistan.

The speakers deliberated on issues of US-Pakistan relationship, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Human Rights in Sindh and Sindh’s key geopolitical role.

Lakhu Luhana, Secretary General of World Sindhi Congress said, “The overwhelming message of the seminar was that Pakistan is a security state, currently with an absolute control of all policy and institutions that has resulted in unprecedented violations of human rights of Sindhi people and other oppressed nations, Baloch and Pashtuns, and threat to regional and global security.”

Baloch and Pashtun activists including Dr Naseer Dashti, Executive President Baloch Human Rights Council and the Coordinator of the Sindhi Baloch Forum and Siraj Khan Moomand, President Pashtun Council Canada and member PTM Committee Canada also attended the seminar and revealed about the violations of human rights in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

There is growing dissatisfaction among the people of Sindh as they have been facing issues ranging from arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances, torture, extra-judicial killings and political repression.

The minorities, including the Christians and Hindus, living in Sindh province are facing persecution in the hands of Islamic fundamentalists. Young Hindu and Christian girls are forcibly converted to Islam.

A 2015 report by the South Asia Partnership – Pakistan in collaboration with Aurat Foundation found that at least 1,000 girls are forcibly converted to Islam in Pakistan every year. It is girls from lower-caste, poor Hindu families who are forcibly converted.

Source: The above article was published by ANI