The UN Human Rights Council was asked to intervene and send an investigating mission to observe some of the most pressing human rights situations in Balochistan at the 46th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on Item 3.
Delivering the BHRC intervention statement on item 3, Thierry Valle drew the attention of the council to the blatant violations of the international human rights treaties that Pakistan has signed up to, and it continues to violate those human rights instruments in her pursuit to quell the Baloch national struggle for the right to self-determination.
She highlighted the sufferings of thousands of families in Balochistan whose loved ones are kept incommunicado for many years.
“The military establishment of Pakistan and its clandestine agencies and death squads are involved in kidnapping, torturing and murdering Baloch activists and human rights defenders with impunity”, she reiterated.
Urging the council to send a fact-finding mission to investigate the gross violations of human rights in Balochistan and to make the military officials accountable for their crimes against humanity, she added that despite repeated requests from Baloch Human Rights Council and other international human rights organizations for intervention in Balochistan, the silence of the international community is incomprehensible.
The Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) briefed the United Nation’s Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) on 19th February 2021, during the 123rd session of the Working Group. In a virtual meeting with the group, Qambar Malik, the Information Secretary of BHRC briefed the members on the plight of thousands of disappeared persons in Balochistan.
The meeting was chaired by the Chair-RapporteurMr. Tae-Ung Baik, while other members of the Working Group Ms. Aua Balde, and members from the WGEID Secretariat also attended the meeting. The working group was given a detailed presentation by the BHRC representative about the Baloch conflict with Pakistan that has resulted in the enforced disappearances of thousands of Baloch dissidents. The BHRC representative outlined the patterns and methods of enforced disappearances employed by the state authorities. He maintained that although Balochistan records the highest numbers of cases, cases of enforced disappearances are also common in Sindh and KPK provinces.
BHRC representative informed the Working Group members that the victims of the enforced disappearances include people from all walks of life and of all ages and gender. Many of these victims were tortured to death and their mutilated bodies were dumped in Balochistan and Sindh, whereas, the majority remain detained incommunicado. The members of the Working Group were briefed that the families of the victims of enforced disappearance who are not a direct party to the conflict suffer the consequences, who have resorted to unceasing protests after exhausting nearly all legal remedies.
The WGEID members were informed that despite documented evidence of the involvement of the state security forces in the crimes against humanity, the perpetrators of these crimes enjoy impunity.
Sammi Baloch, daughter of the forcibly disappeared Dr. Deen Muhammad, and Seema Baloch, sister of forcibly disappeared Shabbir Baloch provided testimonies about the disappeared members of their families and talked about the derogatory remarks by the Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances (COIED) a few days ago. The Working Group also heard testimony by a Baloch victim of Enforced Disappearance who shared his predicament of illegal detention and torture in Pakistan.
The WGEID expressed grave concern upon hearing the testimonies and took a special interest when the case of Hani Gul’s disappearance along with many others was highlighted by the BHRC representative.
The members of the WGEID assured that they continue to closely monitor the situation in Pakistan and particularly in Balochistan. They asserted that WGEID will provide as much as possible assistance to the families in communicating their cases to the Pakistan Government.
Qambar Malik, the information-secretary of the Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) delivered a statement on the deteriorating human rights situation in Balochistan during the Item-4 General Debate of the 45th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.
“Balochistan is suffering a severe humanitarian crisis, having been in the throes of a ruthless genocidal conflict for the past two decades”, Qambar told the UN.
The BHRC representative emphasized that the Pakistani army’s sponsored death squads are roaming with impunity. A large number of Baloch youth has been the victim of forcible disappearances and extrajudicial killings. Thousands of them have fled to different countries in recent years.
Commenting on Pakistan military’s crimes against humanity in Balochistan, he further said that the military establishment of Pakistan and its clandestine agencies are kidnapping, torturing, and murdering activists and human rights defenders to counter the Baloch people’s demand to exercise their right to self-determination. The recent killing of a student Hayat Baloch in Turbat testifies to that. He was brutally murdered by the Frontier Corps while his parents were forced to watch his unfortunate fate.
“Considering the gravity of the situation, we request this council to put a resolution in the Council to send a fact-finding mission to Balochistan to investigate the gross violations of human rights and subsequently, make the state military officials accountable for their crimes against humanity in Balochistan”, added Qambar.
The Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) and the World Sindhi Congress (WSC) held a joint protest outside the UN building at the Broken Chair in Geneva during the 45th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) against the institutionalised state violence and other forms of socio-economic and political suppression of the Baloch and Sindhi people by the Pakistan military.
Human Rights defenders from various nations including Pashtuns and Kashmiris who also suffer at the hands of the military establishment of Pakistan, participated in the protest and expressed solidarity with the Baloch and Sindhis.
Samad Baloch the Secretary-General of the BHRC led the protest whereas those who addressed the protest included the Secretary-General of WSC Dr Lakhu Luhana, Kaihan Mashriqwala leader of the PTM Italy and a human rights defender Anila Gulzar.
The protestors called the United Nations and the International community to live up to their mandate and commitments without any hindrance and political pressures and make Pakistan which is a signatory to various human rights instruments to end its genocidal policies in Balochistan and Sindh.
“Stop Abducting Baloch People”, “Pakistan Stop Baloch Genocide”, “Stop Abducting Sindhi People” were slogans chanted by the protesters while different roller banners highlighting the various violations of human rights in Balochistan and Sindh by Pakistan were put on display.
“The perpetrators of crimes against humanity in Balochistan must be tried in the International court of justice” read one of the banners.
Following the protest, a memorandum documenting some of the major human rights issues requiring urgent attention was also submitted to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights by the BHRC representatives.
During the general debate on Item-4 of the 43rd regular session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, the BHRC representative for Western Balochistan, Jamshaid Amiri, informed the council that Pakistani security forces, its clandestine agencies and death squads are committing enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings in Balochistan on a mass scale.
Jamshaid Amiri drew the council’s attention to a recent case involving the abduction of a Baloch woman Bibi Zargul who was tortured to death in detention on 2nd March ahead of International Women’s Day. He further said that thousands of people including the elderly, women and children have been internally displaced. Many were forced to flee the country and seek asylum in faraway countries.
In addition to that, he told the council that Pakistan is promoting religious extremism in Balochistan to target the Baloch and religious minorities including the Christians and Hindus that runs in parallel with other types of human rights violations. He requested the council that the gravity and widespread scale of violence by Pakistan in constant disregard of the norms, customs and rules demand an equally strong response from this council. The council should investigate the alleged human rights violations by sending a fact-finding mission to Balochistan, and this should be done without delay, concluded Jamshaid.
Geneva: On 12 March 2020, the Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) held a protest demonstration near the Broken Chair in Geneva, Switzerland to highlight the human rights abuses facing the people of Balochistan in Pakistan, and to request the United Nations to act against Pakistan which is violating all the human rights instruments it is a signatory of while quelling the Baloch dissent.
The Secretary-General of the BHRC, Samad Baloch, managed the protest and slammed Pakistan for its inhumane conduct in Balochistan and the region. The protest was joined by human rights defenders from Sindh, Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan who like Baloch are also being made subject to extreme suppression by the military establishment of Pakistan in the wake of their struggle for national salvation. Those who spoke at the protest were Jamshaid Amiri, Senge H Sering, Sajjad Raja, Hatim Baloch, Razzak Baloch, Nasir Aziz Khan and Dr Lakhu Luhana.
All the participant extended their support to the Baloch struggle for the right to self-determination and demanded that Pakistan military must be held accountable for its crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and genocide in Balochistan.
Following the protest, a delegation led by Samad Baloch submitted a memorandum entitled – “Balochistan status update on current Human Rights situation” – to the office of the UN High commissioner for Human Rights.
The memorandum as an urgent humanitarian appeal, requested the High Commissioner’s good office to use its mandate to compel Pakistan to end the violations of human rights in Balochistan, and in the light of the prevailing human rights situation in Balochistan, the memorandum further requested her good office;
To establish a fact-finding mission to monitor and the human rights situation in Balochistan and to investigate the cases of enforced disappearances, extra-judicial murders and forcible displacements.
The perpetrators of the heinous crimes against humanity in Balochistan should be brought to justice by initiating cases against them in the international court of justice in The Hague.
Pakistan must be questioned for the violations of the UN conventions and treaties it is a signatory to and for denying the Baloch people their socio-cultural, economic and political rights.
Those who are responsible for grave violation of human rights in Balochistan constituting crimes against humanity and genocide must be held accountable.
Geneva: The Baloch Human Rights Council (BHRC) on Wednesday hosted a conference on Balochistan outside the United Nations building in Geneva. The conference entitled, “Genocide in Balochistan and the role of the international community” highlighted the unabated grave violations of human rights in Balochistan by the religious states of Pakistan and Iran and expressed concern over the silence of the international community on these states’ crimes against humanity and genocide in Balochistan which according to the participants has encouraged these states to continue their repressive policies against the Baloch without the fear of legal repercussions.
Testimonies of families of the victims of enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings were played in the conference along with a short documentary providing a historical context of the prevailing human rights situation in Balochistan.
A distinguished panel of journalists, human rights defenders and policymakers participated in the conference and demanded that the international community should play a more engaging role in the peaceful resolution of the Baloch conflict with Iran and Pakistan.
The prominent among the speakers were Taha Siddiqui, Ryszard Czarnecki, Dr Lakhu Luhana, Aasha Khosa, Hatim Baloch, Baseer Naweed, Jamshaid Amiri and Hassan Hamdam. Qambar Malik Baloch moderated the session while Hassan Hamdam chaired the conference. Ryszard Czarnecki the member of the European Parliament was the chief guest of the conference.
In a series of tweets, Taha Siddiqui slammed Pakistan military over its dirty role in Balochistan. He briefed the audience about how the mainstream media in Pakistan is strictly controlled by the military establishment who have imposed a media blackout in Balochistan to hide their crimes from the rest of the world.
Guhraam Baloch, a human rights activist from the Netherlands read the conference declaration, summarizing the conclusion of the conference that affirmed the following.
The conference demands that the international community and the United Nations must as a legal and moral obligation come forward to the rescue of the Baloch and must exert meaningful pressure on Pakistan to stop the physical and cultural genocide of the Baloch without delay.
The conference demands that the enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killing of Baloch socio-political workers and human rights defenders must stop, and all the perpetrators of human rights violations must be tried in the International Court of Justice.
The conference demands that every kind of resource exploitation by China and Pakistan in Balochistan must be stopped
This conference while expressing concerns over the silence of the international community and the United Nations on crimes against humanity and genocide in Balochistan perpetrated by Iran and Pakistan, demands that a UN fact-finding mission must be sent to Balochistan to ascertain the extent of the human rights and humanitarian challenges facing the people of Balochistan.
The conference while affirming that the Baloch national struggle for the right to self-determination is in accord with the spirits of the UN Declarations on the colonized nations, demands that it must be acknowledged and recognized without further delays.
While highlighting the atrocities being perpetrated on the Baloch, the BHRC representative Qambar Malik Baloch in his intervention during the general debate on item 3 of the 43rd Session of the UNHRC demanded that the human rights violations in Balochistan must be stopped.
He drew the attention of the council to the human rights violations being perpetrated by the Iranian and Pakistani states against the Baloch people who need urgent attention from the international community.
The BHRC representative asked the council to take notice of thousands of the Baloch political activists whose whereabouts are not known while thousands have been the victim of the kill and dump policy of the Pakistani state. He said that the physical elimination of the Baloch political and human rights activists by Pakistan is to counter the Baloch national struggle for the right to self-determination as enshrined in the UN conventions.
Bringing the attention of the council on the socio-cultural and economic exploitation of the Baloch, he observed that in their assimilation strategies, the Iranian and Pakistani states are denying education in the Balochi language and cherished Baloch cultural values are being degraded by their media. He said that Balochistan is rich but its people are kept poor because of the ruthless exploitation of resources to the advantage of Punjabi and Persian nations. Pointing to the disgusting role of China, he pointed out that now, China is emerging as a new colonial power in Balochistan eyeing the Baloch resources under the CPEC.
He asked the council president that as according to UN conventions, these actions of the Iranian and Pakistani States are genocide acts, appropriate actions should be taken and immediate and meaningful intervention should be initiated to stop the atrocities on the Baloch.